From the Washington Post
Is Trump’s policy “similar to what President Obama did in 2011″?
Not really. Obama didn’t announce a ban on visa applications. There were reported delays in processing Iraqi refugee background checks after a 2011 case involving two Iraqi refugees in Bowling Green, Ky. Federal officials had found that the two men had attempted to help terrorist activities against U.S. soldiers in Iraq. (This is what White House senior adviser Kellyanne Conway later called the “Bowling Green massacre,” which, of course, didn’t happen. She later called it an “honest mistake.”)
There were new screening procedures, but there wasn’t a policy that prevented all citizens from a country, like Trump’s executive order. We awarded Three Pinocchios.
Are foreign-born people more likely to attack the U.S. homeland?
The order says “numerous foreign-born individuals have been convicted or implicated in terrorism-related crimes since Sept. 11, 2001.” Of about 400 individuals charged with or credibly involved in jihad-inspired activity in the U.S. since 9/11, just under half (197) were U.S.-born citizens, according to research by the nonpartisan think tank New America Foundation. Another 82 were naturalized citizens and 44 were permanent residents.